It only takes a minute to sign up. Why has no country conquered or colonized Nepal? Most were during the early medieval period. Documentation during this period can be problematic, but there are records of the Muraya Empire claiming the southern part of the country in the 3rd Century BCE, the Chalukya's managing to get Hindus installed as kings in the 6th CE, and the Tibetian Empire ruling large parts of the area in the late 8th.
In general, if a country is not invaded, it means that there are no resources worth having that are deemed worth the trouble it would be to take over. The particular war you mentioned with the British is a good example of the principle.
The BEI had started to lose money on their Indian empire once the price for its cotton exports dropped. Nepal's at the time western provinces were thought to produce some of the world's highest-quality wool, so the British invaded to take them.
They largely succeeded, which is why those provinces to this day are part of India rather than Nepal to be fair, the Nepalese had only controlled those provinces for about a generation. They didn't bother taking the rest of Nepal because the western provinces were already very expensive to take, and they had no use for the rest of Nepal.
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Nepal–Britain Treaty of 1923
Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Why has Nepal never been conquered or colonized? Ask Question. Asked 2 years, 8 months ago. Active 6 months ago. Viewed 5k times.The history of Nepal is intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent and the surrounding regions, comprising the areas of South Asia and East Asia.
It is a multi-ethnic, multiracial, multicultural, multi-religious, and multilingual country. The most spoken language of Nepal is Nepali followed by several other ethnic languages. Nepal experienced a struggle for democracy at times in the 20th century and early 21st century. During the s and untilthe country was in a civil strife. A peace treaty was signed in and elections were held in the same year.
In a historical vote for the election of the constituent assemblyNepalese parliament voted to oust the monarchy in June Nepal became a federal republic on 28 May and was formally renamed the 'Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal' ending the year old Shah dynasty. Prehistoric sites of palaeolithicMesolithic and Neolithic origins have been discovered in the Siwalik hills of Dang District. It is possible that the Dravidian people whose history predates the onset of the Bronze Age in the Indian subcontinent around BCbefore the coming of other ethnic groups like the Tibeto-Burmans and Indo-Aryans from across the border.
TharusTibeto-Burmans who mixed heavily with Indians in the southern regions, are natives of the Cental Terai region of Nepal. It is possible the first people to inhabit Nepal were the Kusunda people. According to Hogdson in the earliest inhabitants of Nepal were properly the Kusunda people and were properly of proto-Australoid origin. Very little is known about the early history of Nepal, legends and documented references reach far back to the 30th century BC: .
The context of Kirats ruling in Nepal before Licchavi Dynasty and after Mahispal or Avir Dynasty can be found in different manuscripts. Mentioning the area between Sun Kosi and Tama Kosi as their native land, the list of Kirati kings is also given in the Gopal genealogy. By defeating the last king of Avir Dynasty Bhuwansingh in a battle, Kirati King Yalung or Yalamber had taken the regime of the valley under his control.
In the Hindu mythological perspective, this event is believed to have taken place in the final phase of Dwaparyug or initial phase of Kaliyug or around the 6th century BC.
We can find descriptions of 32, 28 and 29 Kirati kings according in Gopal genealogy, language-genealogy and Wright genealogy respectively.
The kings of the Lichhavi dynasty originated from Vaishali of modern Bihar of India ruled what is the Kathmandu Valley in modern-day Nepal after the Kirat monarchical dynasty. The context that 'Suryavansi Kshetriyas had established new regime by defeating the Kirats' can be found in some genealogies and Puranas.
10 Countries Who Were Never Colonized by Europeans
It has been written in Gopal genealogy that 'then, defeating the Kirat King with the impact of Suryavanshi, Lichhavi dynasty was established in Nepal'. Likewise, It has been written in Pashupati Purana that 'the masters of Vaishali established their own regime by confiding Kiratis with sweet words and defeating them in war. Similar contexts can be also found in 'Himbatkhanda'.
That purana also mention that 'the masters of Vaishali had started ruling in Nepal by defeating Kirats'.
In this way, Lichhavi's regime seems to have started in Nepal subsequently after the regime of Kirats. However, different genealogies have found to be stating different names of last Kirati King.
The Lichhavi monarchical dynasty was established in Nepal by defeating last Kirati King 'Khigu', according to Gopal genealogy, 'Galiz' according to language-genealogy and 'Gasti', according to Wright genealogy. The rulers of Simroungarh are as follows:. The remains are still scattered all over the Simroungarh region.
The king fled northwards into the then Nepal. The Thakuri Dynasty was a Rajput Dynasty. After Aramudi, who is mentioned in the Kashmirian chronicle, the Rajatarangini of Kalhana CEmany Thakuri kings ruled over parts of the country up to the middle of the 12th century CE.Millions of Americans have visited Nepal over the past several decades, and the great majority have returned with warm feelings for the friendly Nepalese people and the extraordinarily beautiful land they live in.
How is it possible that a peasant revolt is now ravaging the countryside? What can be done about it? Nepal is no longer strategically important to the United States, as it was when the Indians and the Chinese were pointing guns at each other across the Himalayas.
Neither outcome is necessary but either is possible at this critical juncture.
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The unstable equilibrium between the palace, the parties, and the Maoists that has kept Nepal out of the headlines in recent years is unlikely to endure much longer. India, the US, the UN, and Britain are the external actors that play significant roles in the evolving internal situation. China prefers to keep its distance.
All are concerned and all, as far as I know, sense that the situation is getting out of hand, but they all operate under constraints and their efforts to intervene constructively have failed. I cannot attribute this failure to insensitivity or ineptitude by any of these interested powers. The closest I can come to criticism is that India is probably still unduly sensitive to possible UN intervention.
And the closest I can come to a positive suggestion is the possibility, suggested recently by a highly placed Nepalese friend, that someone persuade the Nepalese to accept a peacekeeping mission from a small neutral state like Norway or Switzerland. But I am getting ahead of my story. First, some historic highlights by way of background.
Nepal was never colonized. While the British were building roads and schools and health facilities in neighboring India, the mountain kingdom remained isolated, almost totally sealed off from the rest of the world. The Rana shoguns ruled in the name of a puppet King for a hundred years, from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. As ofNepal was still medieval, still feudal, an anchronism like a fly frozen in amber. There were virtually no roads in the country, and no public education or public health program whatsoever.
So when Nepal opened its doors and began to modernize, it started from scratch. But it was too much change too soon. In King Mahendra slapped B. Scholars have been arguing about that palace coup ever since. My friend Leo Rose, a Nepalologist at Berkeley, never forgave Mahendra for nipping democracy in the bud. Mahendra ruled indirectly, relying on a few talented, western-educated civil servants spotted in key positions in the government ministries.Tikaram Poudel.
Nepal has never been a colony of another country, so its people here have not been imposed English in any way, as the case was in neighboring India during the British rule.
However, English has strong influence on Nepalese elites Kerr, ever since the British had contact with Nepalese people in the second half of the 18 th century. This post examines the texts relevant to influence of English on Nepalese society within the theoretical framework of POWER theory described by Guha It intends to provide a fresh perspective for looking at the socio-educational issues of Nepal in relation to English language in education.
Guhap. For power to work in a society, there needs to be a dominant group and a subordinate one. The dominant group can exercise its power either by coercion or by persuasion.
The subordinate group either resists or collaborates with the dominant group. If the sub-ordinate group resists, it takes the power or gets isolated. If it collaborates, it gets integrated with the dominant group. In the case of English, power exercises dominance through persuasion and it does so in a variety of ways, such as by developing a favorable consciousness, legitimizing as right and just, and creating dominance through consent.
In Nepal, the influence of English can be seen as having three historical eras: Era of colonial influence fromEra of English education expansion fromand Era of English professionalism from to present.
We can observe the different kinds of power that the English language has exerted in Nepal by analyzing its roles in different historical conditions, focusing on what the rulers tried to achieve by adopting and using English in education and society.
History of Nepal
English first entered into Nepal through the contact both conflict and alliances with the British people who colonized India. That was the first contact of English-speaking people with Nepalese elites. When Nepalese army was defeated in Tibet inthe Nepali king appealed the British in India to mediate with Chinese.
This treaty allowed the British to have a permanent residence in Kathmandu. The establishment of British residence in Kathmandu influenced the rulers of Kathmandu. The British residence also opened the way to western scholars, particularly British, to study the people of Nepal, which was not known to the west before. Some remarkable studies on this subject are KirkpatrickHodgson and Hamilton After the Kot Massacre inJanga Bahadur Rana seized the power and became Prime-minister subjugating the power of king.
Rana understood the power of British and maintained cordial relations with the southern power. He signed an agreement with the British in India.If we can't tunnel through the Earth, how do we know what's at its center?
All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed. Unanswered Questions. Wiki User No As above, but the Ghurkas have been helping the British Army for a very long time.
Asked in Nepal How did Nepal gain independence? Nepal is the only country in the world and in the asia Which never got colonized or invaded or conquered or ruled by other nations. The kingdom of Siam [Thailand] was never colonized by a European country in the past, Nepal was never colonized by any county in the world. Nepal is small,soldiers were women,kids and old people who fought against British, hills and mountain were advantages, they got the guts to fight against armed force with special kind of weapon named kukuri.
Very funny. Nepal is an independent country. It was never colonized by any other counties. No British colony no any colony. Nepal is a country on its own.
Nepal was never a part of India and has never been colonized by any country. Nepal has a long history of its own. It has retained its sovereignty from very beginning. Actually Indian sub-continent had many small states before colonization by Britain. But it couldn't colonize Nepal. When British left this sub-continent India was united as a republic. Nepal lost its some of its part when India was formed. The history of Nepal shows that though small in size and sandwiched by two emerging giant nations of South Asia, Nepal has never been a colonized by any third country.
Before the unification of Nepal by late King Prithivi Narayan Shah in the middle of 18th century, it was scattered into various small states composed of villages and towns. When India was colonized by Britain, Nepal remained free though the reasons are interpreted variously depending on the aspects. Thus, the bottom line is, Nepal has remained a free, independent and a sovereign state since its foundation albeit political influences of her immediate neighbor, India, remain strong.
Asked in Caribbean Islands Who colonized Grenada? The country that colonized Newfoundland and Labrador was Europe.The Nepal—Britain Treaty of is considered to be one of the most important treaties in the History of Nepal.
The treaty was first discussed in and the final treaty was signed on 21 December in Singha Durbar. While the territory of Nepal has been united and fragmented multiple times during the reign of various rulers throughout history, the Expansion of Kingdom, campaign of present-day Nepal was initiated by Prithivi Narayan Shahwho succeeded to the throne of Gorkha after the death of his father Nara Bhupal Shah in BS. Nepal, at the time, was divided into more than 50 small principalities.
The Sugauli Treaty of had rendered moot the degree of independence of Nepal. The sixth, seventh and eighth points of the treaty were: . If any difference shall arise between Nepal and Sikkim, it shall be referred to the arbitration of the East India Company. The sixth point of the treaty directly questions the degree of independence of Nepal. The fact that any differences between Nepal and Sikkim will be "referred to the arbitration of the East India Company" sees Nepal as a semi-independent or a vassal state or tributary of the British empire.
The seventh point also limits the Foreign policy of Nepal. The eighth point also is due attention as the term " Resident Minister " is used, and not " ambassador ". After the Anglo-Nepalese War of —, Nepal had generally maintained a peaceful stance with the East-India company. The friendship between the two countries reached its pinnacle during the reign of Jang Bahadur Rana. The relation between Nepal and Britain was generally good both before and after the treaty.
The then Prime Minister of NepalChandra Shamsher wanted to conclude a treaty with Britain for the recognition of the independence of Nepal. The treaty was discussed by the British authorities in KathmanduNepal and London for more than a year before the final treaty was signed, 21 Decemberin Singha DurbarKathmandu. The terms of the Nepal Britain Treaty were:  . The Nepal such arms, ammunition, etc.
If, however, any convention for the regulation of the Arms Traffic, to which the British Government may be a party, shall come into force, the right of importation of arms and ammunition by the Nepal Government shall be subject to the proviso that the Nepal Government shall first become a party to that Convention, and that such importation shall only be made in accordance with the provisions of that Convention.
The rebate may be claimed on the authority of a certificate signed by the said authority that the goods have arrive at Kathmandu with Customs seals unbroken and otherwise untampered with. O'ConnorC. The treaty was the first treaty between Nepal and Britain to be recorded in the League of Nations. The treaty declared Nepal as an independent and sovereign nation, The treaty was also the first treaty between Nepal and Britain which was concluded with the mutual discussion between both nations.
According to Nepalese historians, the main achievement of the treaty was the protection of the independence of Nepal and the increment of the status of Nepal among the other nations of the world.
Most Nepalese historians agree that the treaty was the major achievement of the Rana rule. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nepal-Britain Treaty of Long name:. Nepal-Britain Mutual Treaty of Main article: Sugauli Treaty. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar. British India's relation with the Kingdom of Nepal. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. Political Relations between India and Nepal. Nepal ko Sanxipta Britanta.
A collection of Treaties, Engagements and Sanads. Calcutta: Bengal Printing Press.If we can't tunnel through the Earth, how do we know what's at its center? All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed. Unanswered Questions. Wiki User Nepal is the only country in the world and in the asia Which never got colonized or invaded or conquered or ruled by other nations.
The kingdom of Siam [Thailand] was never colonized by a European country in the past, Nepal was never colonized by any county in the world. Nepal is small,soldiers were women,kids and old people who fought against British, hills and mountain were advantages, they got the guts to fight against armed force with special kind of weapon named kukuri.
Very funny. Nepal is an independent country. It was never colonized by any other counties. No British colony no any colony. Asked in Nepal, Imperialism Was Nepal colonized? No As above, but the Ghurkas have been helping the British Army for a very long time.
Nepal is a country on its own. Nepal was never a part of India and has never been colonized by any country. Nepal has a long history of its own. It has retained its sovereignty from very beginning. Actually Indian sub-continent had many small states before colonization by Britain. But it couldn't colonize Nepal.
When British left this sub-continent India was united as a republic. Nepal lost its some of its part when India was formed. The history of Nepal shows that though small in size and sandwiched by two emerging giant nations of South Asia, Nepal has never been a colonized by any third country. Before the unification of Nepal by late King Prithivi Narayan Shah in the middle of 18th century, it was scattered into various small states composed of villages and towns.
When India was colonized by Britain, Nepal remained free though the reasons are interpreted variously depending on the aspects.
Thus, the bottom line is, Nepal has remained a free, independent and a sovereign state since its foundation albeit political influences of her immediate neighbor, India, remain strong. Asked in Caribbean Islands Who colonized Grenada? The country that colonized Newfoundland and Labrador was Europe.